Absolute Returns… Are you doing it Wrong?

We’ve been following along with MA Cap ever since they lobbed a grenade at managed futures mutual funds with their piece: “Managed Futures Mutual Funds Don’t Work Here is Why” last December, and were excited to read their most recent piece tackling the concept of absolute returns and how most people are getting the concept wrong.

They start out with a nice little history of how investors have sought out absolute return over the past few decades:

“… constructing [an absolute return] portfolio requires asset classes that exhibit return and volatility characteristics that are not correlated to other assets in the portfolio. The earliest attempts were made to construct such portfolios with a mix of long-only assets such as domestic stocks and bonds. Then global securities were added to the mix as well, including developed markets, such as in Europe, emerging markets, and even frontier markets of Africa or South East Asia. Later, alternative strategies were also added to the mix using hedge funds, managed futures, real estate and other esoteric classes such as art and wine.”

You don’t have to be a market historian to know that none of those approaches have really worked all that well, with the correlations of supposedly non correlated assets moving to one during market stress periods such as 2000 and 2008. But it’s not just correlations – Monty Agarwal of MA Capital see’s these stress periods, or what he coins “Shock Markets” as changing environments where asset classes deviate greatly from their normal return, alpha, volatility, and correlation parameters.

Now, there’s nothing all that new in that thinking – but what is a bit different is how MA Capital looks at the diversification needed for an absolute return portfolio as a result of that thinking. You see, they look at it not as creating a portfolio which is good for all periods (the usual absolute return pitch), but rather creating a portfolio which changes and adds diversification based on the period it is in.

The first step is analyzing these different volatility/correlation periods over time and how asset classes react to them. They define three such periods – Trend, Shock, and Noise market environments, and look not just at the basic stats (return and volatility) in these periods, but also do a more sophisticated look at the volatility of these periods.

They believe a market’s volatility in and of itself is not telling enough as to how an asset class (especially alternatives like hedge funds and managed futures) will perform in those periods, and as such look at two additional layers of volatility:  trend volatility (what some people call directional volatility) and volatility of volatility (regardless of the volatility level, is it expanding or contracting).

Managed futures know all too well that just having volatility isn’t enough. For example, a market going up 5% and down -5% every other day would have high volatility but no trend volatility, while a market going up 2% each day would have high trend volatility, but little instantaneous volatility.  Here’s how that looks for the ‘shock market’:

Disclaimer: Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results.)

We can see that managed futures would like this type of ‘shock market’,  with higher volatility, higher volatility on volatility, and high trend volatility with an extended down market. The shocker (pun intended) is that managed futures don’t do well in a trend period, although that may be because of the way MA Capital is defining the trend period (not including bear market trends, which are put in shock category).  Here’s their performance analysis of stocks, bonds, and managed futures in each of the market periods:

S&P: S&P 500 Yahoo Finance

Bonds: 30 Yr bonds/Yahoo Finance

BTOP: Barclay Hedge Index

Hedge Funds: HFR

(Disclaimer: Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results.)

What to do about it?

So  if just having an absolute return product doesn’t work because of its underperformance in trend and noise periods, and if splitting part of your stock investments to alternatives doesn’t work because the alternatives aren’t large enough during the shock period when the stocks suffer – what is one to do?

MA Capital just happens to have a solution for this in the paper – proposing that the better way to approach diversification and absolute returns is to dynamically shift assets between asset classes depending on the market volatility environment, moving into alternatives when in a shock market, and back out into stocks when in a trend environment.

Now, they are the first to admit that there are limitations to this, mainly the difficulty and necessity to accurately predict the upcoming volatility period on a consistent basis. But, they believe their Alpha Absolute program and its internal ‘Predator Pattern Recognition Model’ is up to the task on that front. And it can be yours in a separately managed account for the bargain price of $15 million…

Whether you have $15 million lying around to invest or not – the paper is still worth a read and you can find it here.

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Forex trading, commodity trading, managed futures, and other alternative investments are complex and carry a risk of substantial losses. As such, they are not suitable for all investors.

The entries on this blog are intended to further subscribers understanding, education, and – at times- enjoyment of the world of alternative investments through managed futures, trading systems, and managed forex, and is not intended as investment advice, or an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument. Unless distinctly noted otherwise, the data and graphs included herein are intended to be mere examples and exhibits of the topic discussed, are for educational and illustrative purposes only, and do not represent trading in actual accounts. Opinions expressed are that of the author.

*The mention of specific asset class performance (i.e. +3.2%, -4.6%) is based on the noted source index (i.e. Newedge CTA Index, S&P 500 Index, etc.), and investors should take care to understand that any index performance is for the constituents of that index only, and does not represent the entire universe of possible investments within that asset class. And further, that there can be limitations and biases to indices such as survivorship and self reporting biases, and instant history.

The mention of general asset class performance (i.e. managed futures did well, stocks were down, bonds were up) is based on Attain’s direct experience in those asset classes, estimates of performance of dozens of CTAs followed by Attain, and averaging of various indices designed to track said asset classes.

It should be noted that past market performance is not indicative of future market movement.No market data or other information is warranted by Attain Capital Management as to completeness or accuracy, express or implied, and is subject to change without notice.

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Past Performance is Not Necessarily Indicative of Future Results. The regulations of the CFTC require that prospective clients of a managed futures program (CTA) receive a disclosure document when they are solicited to enter into an agreement whereby the CTA will direct or guide the client’s commodity interest trading and that certain risk factors be highlighted. The disclosure document contains a complete description of the principal risk factors and each fee to be charged to your account by the CTA.